- pygame module for loading and playing sounds
pygame.mixer.init — initialize the mixer module pygame.mixer.pre_init — preset the mixer init arguments pygame.mixer.quit — uninitialize the mixer pygame.mixer.get_init — test if the mixer is initialized pygame.mixer.stop — stop playback of all sound channels pygame.mixer.pause — temporarily stop playback of all sound channels pygame.mixer.unpause — resume paused playback of sound channels pygame.mixer.fadeout — fade out the volume on all sounds before stopping pygame.mixer.set_num_channels — set the total number of playback channels pygame.mixer.get_num_channels — get the total number of playback channels pygame.mixer.set_reserved — reserve channels from being automatically used pygame.mixer.find_channel — find an unused channel pygame.mixer.get_busy — test if any sound is being mixed pygame.mixer.Sound — Create a new Sound object from a file or buffer object pygame.mixer.Channel — Create a Channel object for controlling playback
This module contains classes for loading Sound objects and controlling playback. The mixer module is optional and depends on SDL_mixer. Your program should test that
pygame.mixerpygame module for loading and playing sounds is available and intialized before using it.
The mixer module has a limited number of channels for playback of sounds. Usually programs tell pygame to start playing audio and it selects an available channel automatically. The default is 8 simultaneous channels, but complex programs can get more precise control over the number of channels and their use.
All sound playback is mixed in background threads. When you begin to play a Sound object, it will return immediately while the sound continues to play. A single Sound object can also be actively played back multiple times.
The mixer also has a special streaming channel. This is for music playback and is accessed through the
pygame.mixer.musicpygame module for controlling streamed audio module.
The mixer module must be initialized like other pygame modules, but it has some extra conditions. The
pygame.mixer.init()function takes several optional arguments to control the playback rate and sample size. Pygame will default to reasonable values, but pygame cannot perform Sound resampling, so the mixer should be initialized to match the values of your audio resources.
NOTE: Not to get less laggy sound, use a smaller buffer size. The default is set to reduce the chance of scratchy sounds on some computers. You can change the default buffer by calling
pygame.mixer.pre_init()preset the mixer init arguments before
pygame.mixer.init()initialize the mixer module or
pygame.init()initialize all imported pygame modules is called. For example:
pygame.mixer.pre_init(44100,-16,2, 1024)The default size was changed from 1024 to 3072 in pygame 1.8.
- initialize the mixer moduleinit(frequency=22050, size=-16, channels=2, buffer=4096) -> None
Initialize the mixer module for Sound loading and playback. The default arguments can be overridden to provide specific audio mixing. Keyword arguments are accepted. For backward compatibility where an argument is set zero the default value is used (possible changed by a pre_init call).
The size argument represents how many bits are used for each audio sample. If the value is negative then signed sample values will be used. Positive values mean unsigned audio samples will be used. An invalid value raises an exception.
The channels argument is used to specify whether to use mono or stereo. 1 for mono and 2 for stereo. No other values are supported (negative values are treated as 1, values greater than 2 as 2).
The buffer argument controls the number of internal samples used in the sound mixer. The default value should work for most cases. It can be lowered to reduce latency, but sound dropout may occur. It can be raised to larger values to ensure playback never skips, but it will impose latency on sound playback. The buffer size must be a power of two (if not it is rounded up to the next nearest power of 2).
Some platforms require the
pygame.mixerpygame module for loading and playing sounds module to be initialized after the display modules have initialized. The top level
pygame.init()takes care of this automatically, but cannot pass any arguments to the mixer init. To solve this, mixer has a function
pygame.mixer.pre_init()to set the proper defaults before the toplevel init is used.
It is safe to call this more than once, but after the mixer is initialized you cannot change the playback arguments without first calling
- preset the mixer init argumentspre_init(frequency=22050, size=-16, channels=2, buffersize=4096) -> None
Call pre_init to change the defaults used when the real
pygame.mixer.init()is called. Keyword arguments are accepted. The best way to set custom mixer playback values is to call
pygame.mixer.pre_init()before calling the top level
pygame.init(). For backward compatibility argument values of zero is replaced with the startup defaults.
- uninitialize the mixerquit() -> None
This will uninitialize
pygame.mixerpygame module for loading and playing sounds. All playback will stop and any loaded Sound objects may not be compatible with the mixer if it is reinitialized later.
- test if the mixer is initializedget_init() -> (frequency, format, channels)
If the mixer is initialized, this returns the playback arguments it is using. If the mixer has not been initialized this returns None
- stop playback of all sound channelsstop() -> None
This will stop all playback of all active mixer channels.
- temporarily stop playback of all sound channelspause() -> None
This will temporarily stop all playback on the active mixer channels. The playback can later be resumed with
- resume paused playback of sound channelsunpause() -> None
This will resume all active sound channels after they have been paused.
- fade out the volume on all sounds before stoppingfadeout(time) -> None
This will fade out the volume on all active channels over the time argument in milliseconds. After the sound is muted the playback will stop.
- set the total number of playback channelsset_num_channels(count) -> None
Sets the number of available channels for the mixer. The default value is 8. The value can be increased or decreased. If the value is decreased, sounds playing on the truncated channels are stopped.
- get the total number of playback channelsget_num_channels() -> count
Returns the number of currently active playback channels.
- reserve channels from being automatically usedset_reserved(count) -> None
The mixer can reserve any number of channels that will not be automatically selected for playback by Sounds. If sounds are currently playing on the reserved channels they will not be stopped.
This allows the application to reserve a specific number of channels for important sounds that must not be dropped or have a guaranteed channel to play on.
- find an unused channelfind_channel(force=False) -> Channel
This will find and return an inactive Channel object. If there are no inactive Channels this function will return None. If there are no inactive channels and the force argument is True, this will find the Channel with the longest running Sound and return it.
If the mixer has reserved channels from
pygame.mixer.set_reserved()then those channels will not be returned here.
- test if any sound is being mixedget_busy() -> bool
Returns True if the mixer is busy mixing any channels. If the mixer is idle then this return False.
- Create a new Sound object from a file or buffer objectSound(filename) -> SoundSound(file=filename) -> SoundSound(buffer) -> SoundSound(buffer=buffer) -> SoundSound(object) -> SoundSound(file=object) -> SoundSound(array=object) -> Sound
pygame.mixer.Sound.play — begin sound playback pygame.mixer.Sound.stop — stop sound playback pygame.mixer.Sound.fadeout — stop sound playback after fading out pygame.mixer.Sound.set_volume — set the playback volume for this Sound pygame.mixer.Sound.get_volume — get the playback volume pygame.mixer.Sound.get_num_channels — count how many times this Sound is playing pygame.mixer.Sound.get_length — get the length of the Sound pygame.mixer.Sound.get_raw — return a bytestring copy of the Sound samples.
Load a new sound buffer from a filename, a python file object or a readable buffer object. Limited resampling will be performed to help the sample match the initialize arguments for the mixer. A Unicode string can only be a file pathname. A Python 2.x string or a Python 3.x bytes object can be either a pathname or a buffer object. Use the ‘file’ or ‘buffer’ keywords to avoid ambiguity; otherwise Sound may guess wrong. If the array keyword is used, the object is expected to export a version 3,
Clevel array interface or, for Python 2.6 or later, a new buffer interface (The object is checked for a buffer interface first.)
The Sound object represents actual sound sample data. Methods that change the state of the Sound object will the all instances of the Sound playback. A Sound object also exports an array interface, and, for Python 2.6 or later, a new buffer interface.
The Sound can be loaded from an
OGGaudio file or from an uncompressed
Note: The buffer will be copied internally, no data will be shared between it and the Sound object.
For now buffer and array support is consistent with
sndarray.make_soundfor Numeric arrays, in that sample sign and byte order are ignored. This will change, either by correctly handling sign and byte order, or by raising an exception when different. Also, source samples are truncated to fit the audio sample size. This will not change.
pygame.mixer.Sound(buffer)is new in pygame 1.8
pygame.mixer.SoundCreate a new Sound object from a file or buffer object keyword arguments and array interface support new in pygame 1.9.2
- begin sound playbackplay(loops=0, maxtime=0, fade_ms=0) -> Channel
Begin playback of the Sound (i.e., on the computer’s speakers) on an available Channel. This will forcibly select a Channel, so playback may cut off a currently playing sound if necessary.
The loops argument controls how many times the sample will be repeated after being played the first time. A value of 5 means that the sound will be played once, then repeated five times, and so is played a total of six times. The default value (zero) means the Sound is not repeated, and so is only played once. If loops is set to -1 the Sound will loop indefinitely (though you can still call
stop()to stop it).
The maxtime argument can be used to stop playback after a given number of milliseconds.
The fade_ms argument will make the sound start playing at 0 volume and fade up to full volume over the time given. The sample may end before the fade-in is complete.
This returns the Channel object for the channel that was selected.
- stop sound playbackstop() -> None
This will stop the playback of this Sound on any active Channels.
- stop sound playback after fading outfadeout(time) -> None
This will stop playback of the sound after fading it out over the time argument in milliseconds. The Sound will fade and stop on all actively playing channels.
- set the playback volume for this Soundset_volume(value) -> None
This will set the playback volume (loudness) for this Sound. This will immediately affect the Sound if it is playing. It will also affect any future playback of this Sound. The argument is a value from 0.0 to 1.0.
- get the playback volumeget_volume() -> value
Return a value from 0.0 to 1.0 representing the volume for this Sound.
- count how many times this Sound is playingget_num_channels() -> count
Return the number of active channels this sound is playing on.
- get the length of the Soundget_length() -> seconds
Return the length of this Sound in seconds.
- return a bytestring copy of the Sound samples.get_raw() -> bytes
Return a copy of the Sound object buffer as a bytes (for Python 3.x) or str (for Python 2.x) object.
New in pygame 1.9.2.
- Create a Channel object for controlling playbackChannel(id) -> Channel
pygame.mixer.Channel.play — play a Sound on a specific Channel pygame.mixer.Channel.stop — stop playback on a Channel pygame.mixer.Channel.pause — temporarily stop playback of a channel pygame.mixer.Channel.unpause — resume pause playback of a channel pygame.mixer.Channel.fadeout — stop playback after fading channel out pygame.mixer.Channel.set_volume — set the volume of a playing channel pygame.mixer.Channel.get_volume — get the volume of the playing channel pygame.mixer.Channel.get_busy — check if the channel is active pygame.mixer.Channel.get_sound — get the currently playing Sound pygame.mixer.Channel.queue — queue a Sound object to follow the current pygame.mixer.Channel.get_queue — return any Sound that is queued pygame.mixer.Channel.set_endevent — have the channel send an event when playback stops pygame.mixer.Channel.get_endevent — get the event a channel sends when playback stops
Return a Channel object for one of the current channels. The id must be a value from 0 to the value of
The Channel object can be used to get fine control over the playback of Sounds. A channel can only playback a single Sound at time. Using channels is entirely optional since pygame can manage them by default.
- play a Sound on a specific Channelplay(Sound, loops=0, maxtime=0, fade_ms=0) -> None
This will begin playback of a Sound on a specific Channel. If the Channel is currently playing any other Sound it will be stopped.
The loops argument has the same meaning as in
Sound.play(): it is the number of times to repeat the sound after the first time. If it is 3, the sound will be played 4 times (the first time, then three more). If loops is -1 then the playback will repeat indefinitely.
Sound.play(), the maxtime argument can be used to stop playback of the Sound after a given number of milliseconds.
Sound.play(), the fade_ms argument can be used fade in the sound.
- stop playback on a Channelstop() -> None
Stop sound playback on a channel. After playback is stopped the channel becomes available for new Sounds to play on it.
- temporarily stop playback of a channelpause() -> None
Temporarily stop the playback of sound on a channel. It can be resumed at a later time with
- resume pause playback of a channelunpause() -> None
Resume the playback on a paused channel.
- stop playback after fading channel outfadeout(time) -> None
Stop playback of a channel after fading out the sound over the given time argument in milliseconds.
- set the volume of a playing channelset_volume(value) -> Noneset_volume(left, right) -> None
Set the volume (loudness) of a playing sound. When a channel starts to play its volume value is reset. This only affects the current sound. The value argument is between 0.0 and 1.0.
If one argument is passed, it will be the volume of both speakers. If two arguments are passed and the mixer is in stereo mode, the first argument will be the volume of the left speaker and the second will be the volume of the right speaker. (If the second argument is None, the first argument will be the volume of both speakers.)
If the channel is playing a Sound on which
set_volume()has also been called, both calls are taken into account. For example:
sound = pygame.mixer.Sound("s.wav") channel = s.play() # Sound plays at full volume by default sound.set_volume(0.9) # Now plays at 90% of full volume. sound.set_volume(0.6) # Now plays at 60% (previous value replaced). channel.set_volume(0.5) # Now plays at 30% (0.6 * 0.5).
- get the volume of the playing channelget_volume() -> value
Return the volume of the channel for the current playing sound. This does not take into account stereo separation used by
Channel.set_volume(). The Sound object also has its own volume which is mixed with the channel.
- check if the channel is activeget_busy() -> bool
Returns true if the channel is actively mixing sound. If the channel is idle this returns False.
- get the currently playing Soundget_sound() -> Sound
Return the actual Sound object currently playing on this channel. If the channel is idle None is returned.
- queue a Sound object to follow the currentqueue(Sound) -> None
When a Sound is queued on a Channel, it will begin playing immediately after the current Sound is finished. Each channel can only have a single Sound queued at a time. The queued Sound will only play if the current playback finished automatically. It is cleared on any other call to
If there is no sound actively playing on the Channel then the Sound will begin playing immediately.
- return any Sound that is queuedget_queue() -> Sound
If a Sound is already queued on this channel it will be returned. Once the queued sound begins playback it will no longer be on the queue.
- have the channel send an event when playback stopsset_endevent() -> Noneset_endevent(type) -> None
When an endevent is set for a channel, it will send an event to the pygame queue every time a sound finishes playing on that channel (not just the first time). Use
pygame.event.get()to retrieve the endevent once it’s sent.
Note that if you called
Channel.play(sound,n), the end event is sent only once: after the sound has been played “n+1” times (see the documentation of Sound.play).
Channel.play()is called while the sound was still playing, the event will be posted immediately.
The type argument will be the event id sent to the queue. This can be any valid event type, but a good choice would be a value between
pygame.locals.NUMEVENTS. If no type argument is given then the Channel will stop sending endevents.
- get the event a channel sends when playback stopsget_endevent() -> type
Returns the event type to be sent every time the Channel finishes playback of a Sound. If there is no endevent the function returns