- module of example programs
— play the full aliens example — run a simple starfield example — hit the moving chimp — display animated objects on the screen — run a font rendering example — run a FreeType rendering example — display a vertical gradient — display pygame events — show various surfarray effects — load and play a sound — play various sndarray effects — display an animated liquid effect — display an animated 3D cube using OpenGL — access the clipboard — display multiple images bounce off each other using collision detection — show lots of sprites moving around — write an image file that is smoothscaled copy of an input file — demonstrate joystick functionality — demonstrate the various surface.fill method blend options — uses alternative additive fill to that of surface.fill — display two different custom cursors — display various pixelarray generated effects — interactively scale an image using smoothscale — run a midi example — run a Surface.scroll example that shows a magnified image — display video captured live from an attached camera — play an audio file
These examples should help get you started with pygame. Here is a brief rundown of what you get. The source code for these examples is in the public domain. Feel free to use for your own projects.
There are several ways to run the examples. First they can be run as stand-alone programs. Second they can be imported and their
main()methods called (see below). Finally, the easiest way is to use the python -m option:
python -m pygame.examples.<example name> <example arguments>
python -m pygame.examples.scaletest someimage.png
Resources such as images and sounds for the examples are found in the pygame/examples/data subdirectory.
You can find where the example files are installed by using the following commands inside the python interpreter.
>>> import pygame.examples.scaletest >>> pygame.examples.scaletest.__file__ '/usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/pygame/examples/scaletest.py'
On each OS and version of Python the location will be slightly different. For example on Windows it might be in 'C:/Python26/Lib/site-packages/pygame/examples/' On Mac OS X it might be in '/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/lib/python2.6/site-packages/pygame/examples/'
You can also run the examples in the python interpreter by calling each modules main() function.
>>> import pygame.examples.scaletest >>> pygame.examples.scaletest.main()
We're always on the lookout for more examples and/or example requests. Code like this is probably the best way to start getting involved with python gaming.
examples as a package is new to pygame 1.9.0. But most of the examples came with pygame much earlier.
- play the full aliens examplealiens.main() -> None
This started off as a port of the
SDLdemonstration, Aliens. Now it has evolved into something sort of resembling fun. This demonstrates a lot of different uses of sprites and optimized blitting. Also transparency, colorkeys, fonts, sound, music, joystick, and more. (PS, my high score is 117! goodluck)
- run a simple starfield examplestars.main() -> None
A simple starfield example. You can change the center of perspective by leftclicking the mouse on the screen.
- hit the moving chimpchimp.main() -> None
This simple example is derived from the line-by-line tutorial that comes with pygame. It is based on a 'popular' web banner. Note there are comments here, but for the full explanation, follow along in the tutorial.
- display animated objects on the screenmoveit.main() -> None
This is the full and final example from the Pygame Tutorial, "How Do I Make It Move". It creates 10 objects and animates them on the screen.
Note it's a bit scant on error checking, but it's easy to read. :] Fortunately, this is python, and we needn't wrestle with a pile of error codes.
- run a font rendering examplefonty.main() -> None
Super quick, super simple application demonstrating the different ways to render fonts with the font module
- run a FreeType rendering examplefreetype_misc.main() -> None
A showcase of rendering features the
pygame.freetype.FontCreate a new Font instance from a supported font file. class provides in addition to those available with
pygame.font.Fontcreate a new Font object from a file. It is a demonstration of direct to surface rendering, with vertical text and rotated text, opaque text and semi transparent text, horizontally stretched text and vertically stretched text.
- display a vertical gradientvgrade.main() -> None
Demonstrates creating a vertical gradient with pixelcopy and NumPy python. The app will create a new gradient every half second and report the time needed to create and display the image. If you're not prepared to start working with the NumPy arrays, don't worry about the source for this one :]
- display pygame eventseventlist.main() -> None
Eventlist is a sloppy style of pygame, but is a handy tool for learning about pygame events and input. At the top of the screen are the state of several device values, and a scrolling list of events are displayed on the bottom.
This is not quality 'ui' code at all, but you can see how to implement very non-interactive status displays, or even a crude text output control.
- show various surfarray effectsarraydemo.main(arraytype=None) -> None
Another example filled with various surfarray effects. It requires the surfarray and image modules to be installed. This little demo can also make a good starting point for any of your own tests with surfarray
arraytypeparameter is deprecated; passing any value besides 'numpy' will raise ValueError.
- load and play a soundsound.main(file_path=None) -> None
Extremely basic testing of the mixer module. Load a sound and play it. All from the command shell, no graphics.
If provided, use the audio file 'file_path', otherwise use a default file.
sound.pyoptional command line argument: an audio file
- play various sndarray effectssound_array_demos.main(arraytype=None) -> None
Uses sndarray and NumPy to create offset faded copies of the original sound. Currently it just uses hardcoded values for the number of echoes and the delay. Easy for you to recreate as needed.
arraytypeparameter is deprecated; passing any value besides 'numpy' will raise ValueError.
- display an animated liquid effectliquid.main() -> None
This example was created in a quick comparison with the BlitzBasic gaming language. Nonetheless, it demonstrates a quick 8-bit setup (with colormap).
- display an animated 3D cube using OpenGLglcube.main() -> None
Using PyOpenGL and pygame, this creates a spinning 3D multicolored cube.
- access the clipboardscrap_clipboard.main() -> None
A simple demonstration example for the clipboard support.
- display multiple images bounce off each other using collision detectionmask.main(*args) -> None
one or more image file names.
pygame.masksdemo will display multiple moving sprites bouncing off each other. More than one sprite image can be provided.
If run as a program then
mask.pytakes one or more image files as command line arguments.
- show lots of sprites moving aroundtestsprite.main(update_rects = True, use_static = False, use_FastRenderGroup = False, screen_dims = [640, 480], use_alpha = False, flags = 0) -> None
Optional keyword arguments:
update_rects - use the RenderUpdate sprite group class use_static - include non-moving images use_FastRenderGroup - Use the FastRenderGroup sprite group screen_dims - pygame window dimensions use_alpha - use alpha blending flags - additional display mode flags
testsprite.cthat comes with SDL, this pygame version shows lots of sprites moving around.
If run as a stand-alone program then no command line arguments are taken.
- write an image file that is smoothscaled copy of an input fileheadless_no_windows_needed.main(fin, fout, w, h) -> None
fin - name of an input image file fout - name of the output file to create/overwrite w, h - size of the rescaled image, as integer width and height
How to use pygame with no windowing system, like on headless servers.
Thumbnail generation with scaling is an example of what you can do with pygame.
NOTE: the pygame scale function uses MMX/SSE if available, and can be run in multiple threads.
headless_no_windows_needed.pyis run as a program it takes the following command line arguments:
-scale inputimage outputimage new_width new_height eg. -scale in.png outpng 50 50
- demonstrate joystick functionalityjoystick.main() -> None
A demo showing full joystick support.
New in pygame 2.0.2.
- demonstrate the various surface.fill method blend optionsblend_fill.main() -> None
A interactive demo that lets one choose which BLEND_xxx option to apply to a surface.
- uses alternative additive fill to that of surface.fillblit_blends.main() -> None
Fake additive blending. Using NumPy. it doesn't clamp. Press r,g,b Somewhat like blend_fill.
- display two different custom cursorscursors.main() -> None
Display an arrow or circle with crossbar cursor.
- display various pixelarray generated effectspixelarray.main() -> None
Display various pixelarray generated effects.
- interactively scale an image using smoothscalescaletest.main(imagefile, convert_alpha=False, run_speed_test=True) -> None
imagefile - file name of source image (required) convert_alpha - use convert_alpha() on the surf (default False) run_speed_test - (default False)
A smoothscale example that resized an image on the screen. Vertical and horizontal arrow keys are used to change the width and height of the displayed image. If the convert_alpha option is True then the source image is forced to have source alpha, whether or not the original images does. If run_speed_test is True then a background timing test is performed instead of the interactive scaler.
scaletest.pyis run as a program then the command line options are:
ImageFile [-t] [-convert_alpha] [-t] = Run Speed Test [-convert_alpha] = Use convert_alpha() on the surf.
- run a midi examplemidi.main(mode='output', device_id=None) -> None
mode - if 'output' run a midi keyboard output example 'input' run a midi event logger input example 'list' list available midi devices (default 'output') device_id - midi device number; if None then use the default midi input or output device for the system
The output example shows how to translate mouse clicks or computer keyboard events into midi notes. It implements a rudimentary button widget and state machine.
The input example shows how to translate midi input to pygame events.
With the use of a virtual midi patch cord the output and input examples can be run as separate processes and connected so the keyboard output is displayed on a console.
new to pygame 1.9.0
- run a Surface.scroll example that shows a magnified imagescroll.main(image_file=None) -> None
This example shows a scrollable image that has a zoom factor of eight. It uses the
Surface.scroll()function to shift the image on the display surface. A clip rectangle protects a margin area. If called as a function, the example accepts an optional image file path. If run as a program it takes an optional file path command line argument. If no file is provided a default image file is used.
When running click on a black triangle to move one pixel in the direction the triangle points. Or use the arrow keys. Close the window or press
- display video captured live from an attached cameracamera.main() -> None
A simple live video player, it uses the first available camera it finds on the system.
- play an audio fileplaymus.main(file_path) -> None
A simple music player with window and keyboard playback control. Playback can be paused and rewound to the beginning.
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